Troubleshooting 'Could not create query for public abstract java.util.List' Error in Java

Published on 2023.11.19

If you're working with Java and encounter the error message 'Could not create query for public abstract java.util.List', don't panic! This error is relatively common and has a few potential causes and solutions.

Understanding the Error

The 'Could not create query for public abstract java.util.List' error typically occurs when using Java frameworks like Hibernate or Spring Data JPA. It usually indicates an issue with the mapping of an entity class to a database table.

Common Causes and Solutions

  1. Missing or incorrect annotations: Ensure that you have correctly annotated your entity class with the appropriate annotations such as @Entity, @Table, and @Column. These annotations define the mapping between the class and the database table.

  2. Missing or incorrect primary key: Check if your entity class has a primary key defined using the @Id annotation. Without a primary key, Hibernate or Spring Data JPA won't be able to generate the necessary SQL queries.

  3. Misspelled column names: Verify that the column names specified in the @Column annotations match the actual column names in the database. A typo in a column name can cause the error.

  4. Incorrect data types: Ensure that the data types of the entity class variables match the corresponding column types in the database. Mismatched data types can lead to query creation errors.


Let's take a look at an example to illustrate the troubleshooting steps:

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.Id;

public class User {
  private Long id;

  @Column(name = "username")
  private String name;

  // Rest of the class

In this example, we have an entity class called User with a primary key id and a column name. By correctly annotating the class and specifying the column name, we ensure that Hibernate or Spring Data JPA can create queries successfully.


The 'Could not create query for public abstract java.util.List' error can be resolved by carefully examining the entity class annotations, primary key definition, column names, and data types. By following the troubleshooting steps outlined in this article, you should be able to identify and fix the issue.

Remember to double-check your code for any typos or inconsistencies, as these are often the root cause of such errors.